Stigmatization With Gender Verification

2021-02-04   |   by CusiGO

The first draft of the trans law has not yet been merged into the first draft, which is causing a lot of debate. It cannot be ruled out that in the world of professional or national elite sports, it will build a new front beyond the existing one. According to the available information, the draft stipulates the following aspects in the field of sports: (1) participants should consider the gender of their registration, and under no circumstances should they carry out gender verification test; (2) transgender people under 16 years old, even if they do not have sex (III) the above provisions are without prejudice to the timely compliance with the rules governing the participation of transnational athletes in international competitions.

At present, the regulations of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on Sports denaturation in 2015 stipulate the requirements for elite athletes to participate in international competitions. The level of testosterone in blood should be lower than 10 nmol / L at least 12 months before the competition. There is no need to reallocate gender, nor to change gender in official documents (as this is not possible in all countries), but to have a gender identity affidavit, which should be kept for at least four years and during the competition in that category female sex.

As we can see, all the rules are focused on the female category. Since 1946, women have been questioned and, to some extent, stigmatized by gender verification tests. In the men’s category, it is only stipulated that “all those who transition from women to men can compete in the men’s category without any restrictions”. Therefore, it is believed that while a woman in transition to a man can never reach the level of men’s sports, a man in transition to a woman and competing in the category of women “can” put this category at risk. It bans transgender women from participating in International Women’s competitions.

The draft stipulates that international sports competitions will be governed by their own rules, that is, the rules of the International Federation, most of which are consistent with the rules of the International Olympic Committee. Therefore, the front line will be national competitions, as the proposal will allow cross-national athletes to participate in local, regional and national competitions, with rules different from federal rules. However, one of the goals of athletes is always to reach the international arena. Therefore, it is necessary to abide by the current rules of relevant international federations and keep the blood testosterone level below 10 nmol / L, This may require specific medication for this purpose.

Therefore, it can not be said that with the drafting of the anti monopoly law, national competitive sports will not face new problems. The refusal of a part of society (as it is now) to allow transgender people to participate in sports may intensify. However, with regard to the unification of standards and competition rules, it is better to find a common ground on this always complex issue before the text gains legal status.

Jonathan Ospina betancurt is a doctor and professor of sports and sports science at the European University of Madrid. Jonathan Ospina I don’t know. European Universities