“I Thought My Grandfather’S Memory Would Stay In The Grave.”
2021-02-22 | by CusiGO
On November 11, 1939, eradio Mora was shot in front of the old Tapia in the cemetery of pidrabuena (the Imperial City). His wife and five children didn’t know where he was buried. That part of the wall no longer exists today. Instead, there was an expansion project where more ditches were laid for other graves. In one corner of the wall, however, was a plaque with his name on it. He could be buried there. Her grandson Jorge Delgado Mora looked at her today: “I thought my grandfather’s memory would stay in the grave.”
It took Delgado 81 years and two days to find out where his grandfather’s body was. On November 13 last year, a black metal plate was pasted on a white wall with 46 names and two phrases: “unidentified person”. The next day, Delgado, 63, received a text message from his cousin: “he asked me if I knew my grandfather’s name. I promised: eradio lives well. “Cousin, they made a badge on the stone with your name on it.” The bodies of those killed during the Franco crackdown and the marks of the buried graves are the first stage of a long journey of research called memory maps.
Jorge Moreno, its director, said that with these symbols, Spanish society could rethink “its relationship with the past.”. Moreno, an anthropologist at the National University of Distance Education (uned), explained that the monument at pidrabuena cemetery was the first of 53 tombs they had found throughout the Royal City province. After more than 10 years of work, they found the place where 3457 men and women were buried between 1939 and 1950.
Victoria Ruiz, the grandmother of Jorge Delgado, has been remembered by her husband for many years. “She was summoned to court and asked to sign a document saying that he died of natural causes,” her grandson said in front of the memorial. “She said she would not sign that at any time. Her husband was killed. ”
Delgado finally knows what happened to his grandfather. The royal city delegation and the memory map team handed over the summary trial documents to eradio Mora. This is the result of a search he started with his cousins, and he avoided the warning of some relatives: “when I heard they put the badge there, they told me to leave him and stop telling me stories. I said, “no, I want to go to the end. I want to know what the verdict says, good or bad.”
Like many Republican soldiers at the end of the civil war, eradio Mora was accused of insurgency. He was born in the town of Manchego in cabezarado in 1900 and lives in pidrebuena with his wife and five children. There’s a preacher and a undertaker. After the civil war broke out, he decided to join the Republican camp as corporal Ferrier. His grandson said he was on the front lines of andugar (Jan) and pozzolanko (Cordoba). After the conflict, he was arrested and shot on the birthday of his daughter Jorge Delgado’s mother.
Thanks to the memory map, Jorge Delgado was able to access his grandfather’s death penalty documents. The initiative, which helps dig into the story of the victims of Francoism, was launched in 2017 after an agreement was reached with the royal city delegation and the United Nations Development Programme team of anthropologists. At that time, an anthropological study of Spain’s unique historical memory was formalized with its methodology, and they had identified about 4000 victims of repression, where they were buried and the condition of their graves. Julian L ó PEZ, an anthropologist with the United Nations development program and the founder of the initiative, said a 2001 letter placed a thumbtack in the Royal City province for researchers to use. This anonymous letter is from Barcelona. It came from a member of the firing squad in 1941. He pointed out where seven farmers were killed and buried. Four years later, investigators will form a team to investigate the stories of the victims and their families in the area.
Another forgotten story is the family story of Madrid ESO Professor Carmen Mancha. His grandfather Anastasio Godoy was shot dead in 1941 and buried in the tomb of the royal city cemetery. Before his death, he kept correspondence with his wife Benita Lilo. “When I read these letters to my grandmother, I was too young for anyone to talk about them,” Mancha said regretfully, holding a copy of the letters. Anastasio Godoy, born in 1912, was a professional carpenter who helped build a country house in abenojar a few years before the war. For this reason, he was imprisoned with his family. His wife was sent to a women’s prison in Girona, while he was in the countryside of almodova. In those years, when they communicated in writing, they talked about the children they had to leave behind and how they had to give up their property in order to survive. “I’m going to see my grandfather. He’s a sensitive man, he loves his wife, he loves his children very much, and he always respects everyone’s ideas, “his granddaughter recalled today. “Thanks to this project, we have the courage to talk more about what happened. I believe that if my 87 year old mother starts talking, it’s because of this initiative. ”
In addition to talking about his memory of his grandfather, Jorge Delgado Mora finally achieved one of his goals in life: to see the last picture of his grandfather before he was shot. “Maybe the trees in front of him were the last he saw,” he said, pointing to the tall tops of several pine trees that fluttered in the wind at the entrance to petrabuena cemetery. “According to the death sentence, he was killed at 7 o’clock. It could be night, it could be dawn. Looks like a friend of my mom’s saw the firing squad from the tree. He said, “my grandfather opened his arms and called out to kill an innocent man.”