Franco And 23-F Did Not Take The Cadet Exam.
2021-02-22 | by CusiGO
Among the books recommended to students of general Zaragoza’s military academy (AGM) and future Spanish army officers, some were innovative at that time, such as the end of history, Francis Fukuyama, revenge of geography, Robert Kaplan or the information age, Manuel Castells, the current university minister. By contrast, there is no news of the Spanish transition or the 23-f coup, which is now 40 years old. There is no work devoted to civil war or Francoism.
“23-f is a taboo topic, you can’t touch it,” said a general with extensive experience in military training. Between 2016 and 2020, the army’s head of teaching, lieutenant general Amador de vitate, explained differently: Spain’s history is not university education provided by military academies, but high school or high school education. The current Zaragoza cadets were not born when teyero attacked Parliament. For them, 23-f is history.
Since the establishment of the National Defense Center (cud) of the University of Zaragoza in 2010, the learning burden of future officers has doubled. In addition to military training, the University of Zaragoza also confers a degree in industrial organization engineering. Of the approximately 330 credits required to complete the post of lieutenant, 240 are university degrees and the rest are specific military training, although some subjects overlap. Civil and military students at the University of Zaragoza study in the same grade: the former is in the business sector, the latter is in the defense sector. Some of them are at Donna Godina’s Almunia campus, while others are at general Zaragoza college. They study separately, even though they take part in extracurricular activities (sports, debates), and they all take part in the election of the rector.
General techrat defended the separation of civilians and soldiers, arguing that the cohesion and physical spirit formed by the coexistence of boarding schools and military discipline were crucial to the formation of the latter. Cud professors attached to military academies are paid by the Department of defense, but their recruitment requires approval from the University of Zaragoza. The director of the center is Col. Francisco Jos é Gomes Ramos, an engineer and physicist, who is composed of about 100 teachers, more than 90% of whom are civilians, with a total of about 1200 students.
The syllabus for future officers is highly technical, and there is little room for Humanistic training, although a quarter of the three semester vocational subjects are most relevant to the social and political realities they must face: international relations, the world today and law. The second part, from the world war to the post Cold War era, includes the works of Fukuyama, Kaplan or Castel, and has a section devoted to “totalitarianism”, Although it depends on whether the professors (military and civilian) who teach it have the right to include the Franco dictatorship in this category.
More specifically, the legal plan: future army officers will study the constitutional history of Spain since 1812, the 1978 constitution, the role of autonomous states or armed forces, the rights and obligations of the armed forces, and the international law of armed conflict.
“Military education conveys democratic values not only in formal education, but also in all academic and non academic activities. This is not a specific subject, but an integral part of training. ” He said that when studying the role of the armed forces, he explained that the armed forces are a tool for the state to serve its citizens. When dealing with international military organizations, we can see how they are under political control.
On January 8, the office of the Vice Minister of Defense issued an instruction reminding military education institutions that “daily orders, almanacs, historical references, and public talks and activities” should conform to “constitutional values.”, After the removal of the head of learning at Ferrol, a Naval School in Grania, for describing an episode in the civil war, he called the Republican squadron the “Red Army” and the uprising the “National.”. This fact, as well as the reproduction of the praise article on Franco in the Journal of Zaragoza college, he called Franco a “warlord”, can be attributed to the persistence of nostalgia or the pressure of inertia: Franco was the first president of Zaragoza college, and his statue did not retire until 2006.
What is more disturbing is that at a party held at the naval military school in 2018, several students chanted the National Anthem of the Blue Division, which was also sung by young soldiers at the parachute brigade base of palasuelos del Jarama in Madrid on December 8 last year. They can always claim that no one told them that the Blue Division was a Franco force, fighting at Hitler’s command.