The Ministry Of Foreign Affairs Is “Deeply Concerned” About The Situation In The Maghreb And The Sahel

2021-01-31   |   by CusiGO

Spain hopes that the EU will follow its model of cooperation with Africa, curb irregular migration and seek funding for its major African partners. In a letter to Brussels, Spanish Foreign Minister alanza Gonzalez Leia introduced Spain’s relations with Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia and Morocco as an example. The document, drafted with both domestic and migrant workers, calls for more funding from its European partners on the continent, but also requires more dialogue, diplomacy and long-term projects. The plan attached to the letter, entitled “Spain’s contribution to a comprehensive migration approach in the Maghreb, Sahel and West African countries”, sets out the strategy the government hopes the EU will implement in Africa. “As the external border of the EU, Spain is very concerned about the development of the situation,” the letter said. The document warns that migration flows are “a challenge for Europe and a well managed path to better meet the different demographic and economic challenges of the EU.”.

Spain argues that the experience of the cayukos crisis in 2005 and 2006 and the cayukos crisis in 2018, when it recorded more than 56000 irregular immigration at sea, prove that “the fight against irregular immigration requires stable and sustained efforts in the medium and long term.”. In both crises, Spain provided funds to the security forces of Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia and Morocco. In return, it achieved more border controls and more deportations.

The letter attempts to take some initiatives in the immigration policies of southern countries within the framework of the negotiation of the EU Convention on migration and asylum. “Spain’s experience and leadership and dialogue with third countries can also play a more important role,” the report said.

Spain believes that there is a need for structural funding for border monitoring, but it supports a long-term strategy to address the causes of forced displacement. Their recommendations include creating gender sensitive local employment opportunities, combating sexual exploitation and discrimination against lgtbi groups. It also emphasizes combating environmental degradation and promoting security.

In the letter, Spain was open to the form of legal migration and called for support for the circular migration project: scholarships and training to study or work in the EU for a period of time and then apply the knowledge in the country of origin. It also calls for more resources to facilitate the return of migrants who decide to return to their home countries.