The French Army: Conservative But Loyal To Republican Values

2021-05-25   |   by CusiGO

The role of the military has always been the focus of public debate in France, which has one of the most powerful armies in the world. Recently, two platforms signed by two military and police groups – one retired and the other anonymous, making it difficult to verify their identities and identities – warned that the country was “collapsing” and that the government’s “Relaxation” of “anti racists” could trigger a “potential civil war.”, “Islamists and the tribes of the surrounding areas” has caused controversy. The discussion focused on the limitations of opinion in a force that needs to be on standby and tried to clarify tensions within the military. However, according to consulting experts, the representativeness of these works is limited. Although they are traditionally conservative forces, democratic and Republican values are clearly reflected in the military.

These open letters were published one year after the 2022 presidential election, and according to opinion polls, one of the key factors, especially among right-wing voters, will be the security issue raised by all. And, even with a few months to go, the country has fallen into a long prelude. In the last presidential election in 2017, 41% of the military and 54% of the police surveyed by the cevipof Institute said they supported Le Pen, the leader of the far right party, in the first round of voting, rather than 16% of the population. Another study showed that in the European elections in 2019, 52% voted for RN again.

For Emmanuelle HERV é, a reserve naval officer and crisis management and communications expert, it’s no surprise that the military is generally right-wing, because it’s in line with the basic values: the military world is not part of an innovative demographic category, By definition, they are in favor of keeping things. But that doesn’t mean they are fascists, “he said. He said that if some soldiers feel uneasy, it’s a feeling of the whole society, not the specific feeling of the uniform, and that’s why, as sociologist J é R ô me fourquet recently said, the problem mentioned on the podium – the areas of the country where the law does not apply, In a country still plagued by yellow vest protests, trouble areas without police access – in an ongoing security political speech, recent new attacks and the deaths of several police officers have caused widespread repercussions in the country.

In any case, Hervey stressed by phone that the podium “does not represent” the armed forces. This kind of denial, this kind of disloyalty to the government, is not the representative behavior of the French military world. The army is very loyal to the Republic, and they will never have such loyalty problems. They are Republicans, and their values – honor and service to the Republic, the laws of the Republic – are the most important, which is the opposite of what they are trying to say about the coup, “he insisted.

Jer ô me pellistrandi, a retired general, said that the original signatory countries were in their 70s and had retired for decades. “They didn’t know the armed forces today,” and the average serving soldier was 28 years old. “They were very loyal to the government and the constitution.”. The editor in chief of national defense magazine regretted the “instrumentalization” of the armed forces, which made a highly valued institution “vulnerable” We see politicians using this platform, from Marlin Le Pen on the far right to Jean Luc merrenson on the left. This is not good, because the army has to maintain a very strict neutrality, which goes against the spirit of our army, “he stressed.

However, pelistrandi admits that in the past, far away and recently, France and Spain have experienced a temptation to violate the principle of neutrality, that is, the French armed forces are known as the grand Moute (Grand mouda or silence), and to cross the barriers between military and political, As an alumnus of the war school in Madrid, he knew the military institutions on both sides of the Pyrenees like the back of his hand.

Examples abound, from Napoleon to marshal petan or general de Gaulle. The first military platform was delivered on the 60th anniversary of the failure of the Algiers coup, when several generals opposed the then President Charles de Gaulle. Another little-known event is that in the 1988 Presidential election, 45 officials signed a platform openly supporting Jacques Chirac against socialist Francois Mitterrand. Palistrandi and Hervey insisted that the difference was that their motive was to cut the national defense budget, They stressed that there were no domestic political issues, that military forces, by definition, did not operate on national territory except the gendarmerie, and that there was no legitimacy to comment.

“Risk is not the specter of mischief,” former deputy chief of staff and retired general Didier Castres concluded in a recent liberation column The risk, he warned, “is that the army and its divisions are morally weakened, thereby weakening their combat capabilities. An indivisible Republic needs an indivisible army. “