The European Union Has Made The Security Of The Southern Mediterranean Border A Priority
2021-02-26 | by CusiGO
After the two-day meeting, the European summit, which ended on Friday, identified the southern border as one of the priorities of the European Union’s good neighbourly and security policy. This decision, strongly supported by Spain, aims to turn the attention of the club of the European Communities to the Mediterranean as part of its eastern region and its friction with Russia in recent years. Government president Pedro s á nchez defended the need for “a 27 nation review of the Mediterranean”.
At the end of the summit, European Council President Charles Michel said that the EU intends to strengthen cooperation with its southern neighbors (from Morocco to Egypt, Through Syria and Lebanon), building closer partnerships on “strengthening and restoring the economy and society” and “maintaining security, responding to the challenges of mobility and migration.”, To provide a future perspective for people living on both sides of the Mediterranean. ”
The defense issue focused on most of this Friday, reiterating the will to promote European autonomy and increase military spending in this area, but maintaining close cooperation with NATO. The statement of the Secretary General of the Atlantic alliance, Jens Stoltenberg, proves this, and he welcomed “the strong message from the new Biden administration to rebuild the alliance and strengthen transatlantic ties”.
The 27 countries support the agenda set out by Josep Borrell, the high representative for foreign policy, in a communication on southern neighbors, which defines the need to restore relations with the southern Mediterranean as “strategic necessity”. The EU plan, completed in 2020 25 years after the so-called Barcelona process, is an almost unsuccessful attempt to build closer ties with the EU’s southern neighbors. In 2007, the process was reoriented into the Mediterranean Union, a multilateral partnership aimed at strengthening regional integration and cohesion. The new European strategy is based on the bleak prospects of a region with rigid conflicts, population displacement, economic and social crises, and geopolitical conflicts among major powers. Problems arising from the lack of security, the climate and environmental crisis or the fragility of the rule of law in the region contribute to the annual exodus of hundreds of deaths and disappearances in the Mediterranean.
The migration section of the plan provides for the establishment of an effective flow and asylum application management system and specific support for displaced persons. In return, however, it called for enhanced cooperation in the countries of origin and transit to repatriate those who had illegally entered community territory and were not entitled to asylum. As an incentive, the EU ensures that legal access is developed through the talent attraction program.
“Too many people are risking their lives to try to enter the EU illegally, which encourages the drug trafficking industry and undermines the stability of local communities,” said the Borel document adopted by the European Commission earlier this month.
The bet in Brussels is to respond to these trends by “stimulating socio-economic recovery,” with the participation of the European investment bank, the European bank for cooperation and development, the world bank and the IMF.
The European Commission itself is expected to invest 7 billion euros in the region under the new EU multi-year financial framework (2021-2027 budget), but it has not yet started. Brussels estimates that the allocation will mobilize as much as $30 billion in public and private investment.
The EU also believes that it must contribute to the peaceful settlement of conflict areas, especially in Syria, Libya or the Middle East. Brussels believes that cooperation is also the key to combating such phenomena as terrorism or extremism.