You Will Not Travel From Gaza Alone Without The Permission Of Your Male Guardian.

2021-02-21   |   by CusiGO

Virgin (single) or married (divorced and widowed) women of any age are not allowed to travel without the permission of a male guardian (father, grandfather or brother). Hasan al JOJO, chairman of the Supreme Council of Islamic law in the Gaza Strip, issued the decree a week ago, expressing concern about the growing number of “girls who leave without their parents’ consent”. In her opinion, married women only go where their husbands leave them.

The United Nations has declared Gaza technically uninhabitable and has no place to go. Since 2006, the 2 million Palestinian people crowded along the 365 square kilometer long and narrow coastline have been desperate because of the Israeli blockade, which has been dragged down by three devastating wars. As a goodwill gesture to the first legislative election in 15 years held on May 22, Egypt reopened the Rafah crossing early this month, the only uncontrolled export of the Israeli army, and young people began to flee an enclave with an unemployment rate of 45.5%. 62.1% were under 30 years old. Young girl, too.

On Tuesday morning, judge al JOJO, appointed by the Islamic movement of Hamas, which de facto rules Gaza, protested in front of his office. He was shocked. “We agreed to redraft this decision,” he hastily announced to the press, as he decided to impose guardianship on all ghazatis, which he considered “balanced and in accordance with religious and civil law.”. The guardian’s authorization should be deposited with the Islamic Law Commission, and the security officer may require a copy of the document for the woman to travel alone.

“In an environment of conservative social norms, families are more inclined to impose travel bans on women,” says rothna begun, a researcher at human rights watch. “But as the Palestinian human rights organization has warned, the resolution violates the right of all elderly people to freedom of movement contained in the basic law of Palestine (constitutional text)”, The Middle East gender expert from a New York NGO warned. “Only personal travel restrictions are appropriate and legally justified,” he concluded.

In August 2019, Saudi Arabia ended restrictions on adult women’s travel. After years of international criticism of the male guardianship system, adult women need permission from their guardians before they travel, as if they were minors.

The decision of the Supreme Council of Islamic law was made in the Palestinian Legislative movement, in which the Islamists of Hamas aspired to restore their hegemony in the Gaza Strip. They also intend to expand their influence in the West Bank, where the nationalist Fatah party, led by Mahmoud Abbas, President of the Palestinian Authority, is in power. After winning the recent election, Hamas used force to drive Fatah representatives out of the Mediterranean enclave government in 2007. Palestinian factions are now trying to heal old wounds in order to organize elections.

“The society in Gaza is traditional, but not as traditional as people think,” said Barbara demurtas, representative of mundubat, a Spanish NGO in Palestine. All the foreign media. “After the protests, the president of the Security Council announced that he would review the law, but women’s organizations in Gaza did not know that the law had been repealed and insisted that it was not applicable in law,” de muTAS said.

“Women and men want to travel to find jobs, which is not always popular, especially when we talk about women,” said mundubat, a representative of the Basque foundation. Few ghazatis – hundreds of Christians and a few secular people – do not wear Islamic headscarves or veils.

According to Israeli estimates, in 2018, about 35000 Palestinians left the Palestinian strip, and the United Nations reduced the number of people on its border with Egypt to 23500. In 2019, the United Nations registered 10000 exit points above the entry points, but as of November 2019, the number of Rafah officials entering and leaving the country has reached 23000. Most of them claim to visit relatives, treat diseases or study in neighboring Arab countries and promise to return to the enclaves. However, the Gulf States and Western Europe are often the ultimate destinations for those who seek a fresh start. Last year, due to poor health, almost no exit was made, despite the occasional opening of the Egyptian border to Gazans, despite the risk of coronavirus infection.

Amira Hass, a Palestinian affairs reporter for Haaretz, said: “the decree of the Islamic Law Commission has added a new obstacle to women’s complex career in leaving the strip.”. “But it has also caused rapid condemnation,” he stressed, “and called on Palestinian human rights organizations to end it immediately.”