The Cradle Of French Elitism Is Open To The People

2021-02-14   |   by CusiGO

The old system is more resistant than the young revolutionaries who want to abolish it think. Two years ago, French President Emmanuel Malone announced the abolition of the National Academy of Administration (ENA), which is a hotbed for French political, civil servants and business leaders, and a symbol of the Republic’s elite rule and national education excellence, But there is also a system that ends up being elitist rather than egalitarian. Now, makron, who was founded in ENA and is therefore a member of the so-called enarca elite, is regressing and has announced a minimal reform that will make it easier for young people in the working class and slums to obtain.

“In order to carry out the [Civil Service] reform I want to carry out, we must, among other things, abolish ENA,” macron announced in April 2019. He came to the Elysee Palace two years ago to end the old politics and promote economic reform, He summed up a plan in an article entitled revolution.

France has just experienced a winter against the elite: against the yellow vest. In response to the movement, Malone organized a “national debate”: meetings were held across the country, where citizens expressed their dissatisfaction with the leaders.

One proposal that the head of state suddenly put forward is to liquidate ENA, the most elite of elite schools, where the senior officials in charge of the destiny of the country, the real “Prince of the Republic”, as they say, are ready. Four of the past six presidents were kings; today, besides Malone, so is his prime minister, Jean castelkes.

The promise to abolish ENA is almost as old as the school itself established at the end of the second world war under general de Gaulle, with the aim of creating a rasa table from the old system. The disaster of 1940 – the Nazi invasion and the collapse of the Republic – was partly due to the collective failure of the elite. After the war, France must be led by a highly technical bureaucrat and highly prepared government, without the commitment and commitment of the pre war government.

“I don’t feel any discrimination,” explains Romain Grau, a representative of the Malon party, a farmer’s son and a member of Parliament for Perpignan. “I’m lucky that the Republic school in my hometown is very strong. This teacher occupies the central position, “Grau added, who is on the same level as the president of ENA, who graduated in 2004.

One of the problems now, according to graves, is that schools no longer act as social elevators. Many students don’t know or think it’s not suitable for them. Grau supports the transformation of ENA into “integrating students from other fields and modifying the curriculum to ensure greater diversity and ability to adapt to the complexity of today’s French society.”. “The worst part is not doing anything,” he added.

A year ago, macron received a report from enarca fr é D é ric therez proposing to replace ENA with a school of public administration. The idea was shelved. On Thursday, the president of the Republic announced 1000 new places for candidates from low-income families or poor areas to prepare students for admission. There will be two such institutions in each region. In each of the 80 places promoted by ENA, 6 places will be reserved for students who enter through this way, which is a positive discrimination.

That’s how macron accepts that ENA will survive if it’s spoken out, perhaps because the pandemic isn’t the best experimental time, or because there’s no social need to solve it. “Equal opportunity is at the heart of the Republican commitment,” he said. “Don’t let anyone say, ‘this is not for me.'”

For decades, ENA has cultivated a competent ruling class and has been imitated all over the world. Business leaders have come out of it. However, the concentration of power on people of the same pattern is a reason for criticism. Another kind of criticism focuses on what the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu called “national aristocracy”. In enarcas, there are sons, teachers or executives everywhere. Power passes from parents to children, and privilege “breeds.”. Despite the elitist rule principle, or according to some theories, it is precisely because of this principle that a lot of knowledge, code and language are learned in the family. These knowledge, code and language enable people to understand the way to enter ENA, and then enter the competition through written and oral.