Polish Siege Of Holocaust Historians
2021-02-10 | by CusiGO
The history of the Second World War in Poland, especially the persecution of Jews by its Catholic neighbors, continues to leave many shadows because it is a new research field, After the fall of the Communist regime in 1989, progress could be made only through extensive access to witnesses and documents. However, Poland’s ultra nationalist legal and judicial government (PIs), which has been in power since 2015, launched a legislative offensive against the independent investigation, leading to the first conviction of two prominent historians on Tuesday and the police interrogation of a reporter.
Two internationally renowned researchers, Jan Grabowski, Professor of the University of Ottawa, and Barbara engelking, director of the Polish Holocaust Research Center, won the Yad washam prize for their research on the Holocaust, On Tuesday, they were sentenced to correct a paragraph in a 1600 page article entitled “endless night: the fate of Jews in occupied Poland.”. They must correct and apologize, even if they did not pay the 22000 euro fine demanded by the applicant. However, according to Grabowski, this judgment has caused great damage to the investigation of the massacre.
In this book, they argue that Edward Malinowski, mayor of the town of marinovo in Northwest Poland, stole a Jewish woman and handed over the Nazi occupier to the Jews hiding in the forest. The investigators were denounced by the mayor’s 80 year old niece, Filomena leszczynska, supported by legal and judicial institutions such as the Polish anti defamation alliance and the national memory Institute. The government said it had nothing to do with the trial, but the trial was backed by a law introduced by the executive in 2018, which condemned “public insults to the Polish nation” and was demoted after international protests and diplomatic clashes with Israel.
On the other hand, reporter katarzyna markusz, a website writer Israel On Thursday, he was interrogated by police at the behest of a Warsaw district attorney. As Marcus himself said in an email on Wednesday, he was accused of writing down the issue in an article published for krytyka polytyczna, which is an insult to the Polish nation: “we will live until the Polish authorities recognize that poles are common Is it a historical fact that there is no sympathy for Jews and Poland to participate in the Holocaust? “，
Marcus, 39, said: “when the police asked me if I wanted to insult the Polish state, I made sure this article didn’t mean to insult anyone.”. “It is a historical fact that some poles betray the Jews and some hurt them. It was as if the Germans were angry that someone had written about the invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939. I can say that I am proud to be charged under the same paragraph (art. 2). 133 pounds. Article 1 of the criminal code).
This reporter mentioned the first infamous example of Polish ultra nationalists’ attack on historical research: Jan T. gross published an influential Book neighbor in 2001, which tells about the 1941 Jedwab massacre. For decades, it was believed that Nazis had committed it, but gross proved it His Catholic neighbor. Since then, the literature on the persecution of Jews by poles has increased dramatically, and even become the theme of ADA’s film Pavel pavlikovsky, which won the best foreign film Oscar and was denied by the government.
Hours after the verdict, Grabowski said by telephone in Warsaw, where he is now, that “this verdict is a very serious problem for all Holocaust historians in Poland, and it is also the case abroad.” He did not want to elaborate in his reply because his lawyer intended to appeal the judgment, but he pointed out that “this is an issue that should not be brought before the court because it is not the court that has to determine in a historical way what is right or wrong.”.
Many Holocaust research centers – Yad washam in Jerusalem, Simon Wiesenthal Center, Holocaust Memorial Foundation in Paris, Slavic and Eastern European Research Association, American History Association, Polish Research Association in Paris, In addition to the Jewish community in Warsaw, they expressed public support to historians before the verdict, and believed that, in the words of the Holocaust Memorial Foundation, this process “represents a political persecution”, which “will have a harmful impact on the core of historical research”. Deborah E. Lipstadt, an American researcher and Holocaust denier, tweeted: “Poland is committed to a moderate denial of the Holocaust. He did not deny the genocide. It’s just rewriting the role of some poles in it… Punish historians who tell the truth. ”
Katarzyna markusz said: “it is clear that the Polish government wants to silence historians and journalists who claim to write down the truth about the Holocaust: during the war, poles attacked Jews. This is the truth. Why do we say that? “， “This sentence represents a pot of cold water about what Polish students and historians can do,” said Grabowski, 57. I’m worried and pessimistic. ”
Poland was one of the countries that suffered the most during the long night of Nazi terror. Since the beginning of the Nazi Soviet conflict, six million poles have been killed by the Third Reich, including three million Jews. The poles had nothing to do with the six extermination camps established by Nazi Germany on its territory. More importantly, they are their victims: Auschwitz, for example, opened as a concentration camp, initially for poles and Soviet prisoners. There is no co-operative government, and resistance is sustained. In addition, Poland is one of the most just countries in the world. Among the countries recognized by Yad washam, 7112 people risked or lost their lives to help Jews. These are all part of the consensus of the Second World War.
However, especially since the end of the Communist dictatorship in 1989, Polish citizens have murdered, robbed, extorted, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed, killed They denounced and persecuted Jews during and after the conflict, and cooperated with the Nazis to murder them – not in exterminating concentration camps, but in massacres, ghettos and shootings. Thousands of documents and testimonies prove this. According to Grabowski, the figure of 200000 Jews killed by poles provided in his previous book is conservative. This is a fact studied by historians such as Harvey Dreyfus, Anna biconte, Grabowski, engelkin or gross, but it appears in many classic essays on the Holocaust by writers such as timothy Snyder, Keith Lowe, Raul hillberg or Tony jute. No one in academia doubts it. However, in Poland in the 21st century, the police may be tried or interrogated for charges.