Congo’S Tshisekedi Leads The African Union To Meet The Challenges Of Economic Recovery
2021-02-07 | by CusiGO
President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Felix zisekedi, On Sunday, he was elected president of the African Union (AU) by his colleagues to succeed Cyril Ramaphosa, South Africa’s president, and faces a huge challenge of economic recovery after the continent fell into recession for the first time in 25 years due to the epidemic. Its priorities also include the management of the covid-19, with special emphasis on the severely backward supply and distribution of vaccines in Africa, and the development of the continental free trade agreement, which entered into force on 1 January, to resolve conflicts, And addressing climate change and sexual violence.
Joe Biden, the new US president, sent a message of support to the African Union and expressed his hope to resume relations with Africa after Donald Trump’s four-year term. “Last year was a reminder of how interconnected our world is now and how our destinies are connected. That’s why my government is committed to reestablishing ties with the rest of the world and with international institutions such as the African Union, “the president said.
As a result of the epidemic, for the first time in the history of the African Union, the summit of heads of state was held through video conference, which also approved Chadian Musa faki Mahamat as the chairman of the African Commission for a four-year term. Her vice-chairman will be the Rwandese economist monik ensanzabaganwa, a decision that respects the new gender equality standards set by the Pan African institutions in a continent with only one head of state (Sahel walkzead, Ethiopia). Following the reform of the African Union promoted by President Paul Kagame of Rwanda, the foreign minister will elect other members of the Commission, including three men and three women.
Ramafosa, South Africa, stressed that he bid farewell to his efforts to deal with the consequences of the epidemic. The incidence of the epidemic in Africa is lower than that in other parts of the world, with 3.5% of cases and 4% of deaths, He again called on international institutions to help address the financial and social challenges posed by border closures and slowing trade, which, according to the world bank, has led to a 3-5% economic downturn in Africa. If the Au makes “lay down arms” its main annual goal in 2020, then by 2021, its goal is to promote the issue of cultural and historical heritage in the debate on the return of works of art stolen during the colonial period and displayed in European museums.
Zisekaidi promised to remove the AU from its office and make it a more effective institution. The task is arduous. Due to its rigid bureaucracy and poor operation, African institutions have been under great pressure in public opinion, leading to various internal investigations into sexual abuse and corruption, Their silence is complicit with authoritarian regimes and authoritarian regimes, such as Uganda and Tanzania, the recent examples, their economic dependence on external allies such as China, their inefficiency in dealing with major conflicts in Africa, the spread of jihadism, and finally, It lacks presence and leadership in major international institutions.
“The challenge is huge,” said Gilles Yabi, an analyst and founder of wathi, an African think tank. “The AU has successfully mobilized people to get vaccines, but with its traditional partners, it is difficult to get resources to deal with economic challenges in times of crisis. Moreover, free trade zones must be launched at a time when violence is still widespread, from Somalia to the recent war in Ethiopia, from the English speaking crisis to northern Mozambique and the Sahel. ”
In addition, the president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo assumed the presidency of the African Union in the country’s political turmoil after the collapse of his parliamentary alliance with former President Joseph Kabila, which in recent days led to the removal of the prime minister, the speaker of the Parliament and the Senate, Open a period of instability, the outcome is unpredictable. This situation, coupled with the escalation of violence in north-eastern Congo, raises concerns that tsisekedi will not be able to make additional efforts for institutions on the continent. “The return of a country as important as the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the front line of African politics may be undermined by the fragility of its domestic political situation,” Yabi said.