The Change Of Biden Plan To Cuba Brings Hope To Cuba

2021-01-30   |   by CusiGO

Cuba has carefully noted Joe Biden’s landing in Washington, but there is also some optimism, although the Cuban authorities realize that lifting more than 200 sanctions imposed by Donald Trump and resuming Obama’s reconciliation policy, as the new president has said, are neither simple nor quick. On Thursday, the U.S. government pledged to “review” trump’s policy toward Cuba and other international affairs. This established goal shows that although standardization will be slow and arduous, there are still opportunities.

In the absence of official response to what the new president’s spokesman said, Cuban President Miguel Dias Carnell’s words after Biden’s victory implied this attitude. This is a short message from the road map of relations between Cuba and Washington: “we believe in the possibility of a constructive and respectful bilateral relationship.”

This position means, on the one hand, that the island is ready to cooperate with the United States, even if the economic embargo and other harmful sanctions remain in force, on the other hand, It stipulates that the United States can not expect Cuba to make concessions or concessions in order to promote normalization, and Cuba will occupy an unknown position in the priorities of the new US government. The same is true of the extent to which Biden intends to restore Obama’s policy. Havana acknowledges Obama’s “opening a door” in bilateral relations, because so far, there are both Republicans and Democrats who oppose dialogue with Cuba.

The political game between the U.S. Congress and the Senate will be the key to Washington’s next move. In the U.S. Congress and the Senate, the Democratic Party is in the majority, and the Cuban American lobby is very active. But, as the experts on relations between the two territories and Cuban officials pointed out in informal talks, there is reason to hope for further thawing and cooperation between the two countries in different areas, as Obama has done in the past two years, when Havana and Washington signed 22 agreements. Agreements in various fields.

Although the White House spokesman’s speech was only a simple response at the press conference, Carlos alzugaray, a Cuban scholar and former EU ambassador, pointed out “two important aspects” in his speech: Cuba has been recognized as part of the national security policy review process. Second point: “it is important to note that in the statement of the spokesman, the derogatory remarks against the Cuban government as an authoritarian regime have disappeared… It was common in the previous administration. ”

Most relevant to the Cuban government is the appointment of key positions that affect Havana. “The team that appointed Biden to deal with foreign policy is familiar with Cuba. Many of them are involved in the negotiations between the two countries and the implementation of Obama’s policies, “said arzugare. These include Alejandro MAYORKAS, Secretary of state for national security, Antony Blinken, or Samantha power, director of USAID. Alzugaray said the three “knew their Cuban interlocutors and they knew them, which helped the dialogue. Even first lady Jill Biden, who visited Cuba in October 2016, may be included in this group. ”

Although the stars of normalization seem to be consistent, for Cuba, there are three main obstacles to complicating reconciliation: the existence of an embargo; Trump’s recent listing of the island as a state sponsor of terrorism; and the existence of many trump blacklists, There are more than 200 Cuban companies that Americans cannot deal with. Of course, the helms Burton Act imposes extraterritorial penalties on companies with interests in Cuba, which is another obstacle. Yesterday, Spain called on Brussels to ask Washington to suspend its implementation.

Cuba believes Biden will start dismantling the scaffolding of sanctions at some point. He announced that he was ready to resume Obama’s normalization and sat down to negotiate whether the new administration had the will and political space to achieve this goal.