Five Former Presidents Bet On Latin American Integration In The Face Of Health And Economic Crisis

2021-01-28   |   by CusiGO

On Wednesday, five former Latin American presidents gathered in the form of telematics to end the fifth Santo Domingo International Forum organized by idea international and the global foundation for democracy and development, which lasted two days on Tuesday and Wednesday. At a meeting in early 2021, Fernando Enrique Cardoso (Brazil), Laura Chinchilla (Costa Rica) and Ernesto Sampo (Colombia) met, Carlos MESA (Bolivia) and Lionel Fernandez (Dominican Republic) reflect and predict the new reality of Latin America in the context of the covide-19 epidemic. People agree that no Latin American country can be rescued from the health and economic crisis facing the region. According to the five former presidents, this is the only possible way to address deep complexity.

“We’ll either march together or not,” Brazilian Cardoso said in a group led by Daniel zovato, regional director of international thinking in Latin America and the Caribbean, an intergovernmental organization that supports sustainable democracy around the world, based in Santiago, Chile. “The epidemic has forced people to have a feeling that it is not unity in the Christian sense, but an effective connection between people. “Either we get out of the complexity of the world together, or we won’t succeed,” Cardoso said of health and economic and financial issues.

For the former president who led Brazil from 1995 to 2003, the most natural link between the countries in the region is Latin America, and his country has a “responsibility” for integration. This largely depends on the leadership of individuals and countries, which is reflected in the new president’s experience Cardoso said Biden’s management will have a significant impact in Latin America. Brazilians point darts at their country: “unfortunately, as far as Brazil is concerned, there is a lack of people who have the ability to lead and feel regional society. “What has been done in recent years to build instruments of reconciliation has not penetrated into the minds of those in power in the country today,” Cardoso said. “I hope other countries may not suffer from the same diseases as Brazilians, they have a mania for our things. We have to be able to understand how complex the world is, “the former president said.

At a forum organized by funglode, the president of the Dominican Republic, Lionel Fernandez, called on the region not to fall into paralyzed pessimism and encourage people to seek light rather than continue to curse the dark. For the former president who ruled the Dominican Republic from 1996 to 2000 to 2004 and 2012, after this epidemic, we should not go back to the past, but redesign and rethink the region and democracy, because democracy should be inclusive, resilient, new generation and higher quality. “This is a global problem, so there must be a global solution. It is wrong to think that Latin America can solve this problem alone, “said Fernandez, current chairman of funglode. “I suggest that our former presidents gathered in this virtual forum, as well as other democratic former presidents with regional and international prestige, make a comprehensive response for Latin America and the Caribbean.”.

In a region of the world where interregional trade accounts for 10%, Europe 50% and Asia 60%, Costa Rican Laura Chinchilla refuses to accept a “mediocre” solution to the crisis and once again postpones the unfinished reforms in Latin America. “If the structural changes required for our economy are not implemented, given China’s expected growth, the likely resurgence in raw material prices will once again be a placebo, and will not act on the basis of productivity and innovation,” the former president said Costa Rica 2010-2014.

Bolivian Carlos mesa said this moment represents “an opportunity.”. “The concept of opportunity has something to do with our awareness of the moment we are in, a challenge to health and the economy,” the former president said, wondering whether the countries that signed the American democratic Charter on 11 September 2001 would sign it today on the same terms. “The process from now on forces us to integrate and respond together,” said the former president, who ruled Bolivia from 2003 to 2005 and took part in another election in 2019. “A fund to help us get out of trouble, involving the presence of international multilateral institutions linked to Latin America – equivalent to the International Monetary Fund, the Inter American Development Bank, the cap or the World Bank – must come from the region,” the Bureau suggested, and accepted the proposal of Fernandez of the Republic of Dominica. “Common ground and minimum common ground should be established [among the countries of the region].”

As a result, the former president criticized “political leaders who continue to be deeply involved in radical ideology, they either support me or oppose me… They are doing serious harm to Latin America.”. Bolivia stated that the Central American Integration System (Sica), Mercosur, ECLAC or the association of South American States should be platforms for analysing remaining challenges. “There must be a common design for the future. “Understanding globalization means that the process of individual countries and Latin American regional integration groups cannot be without the evidence of science, technology and innovation as the basic aspects,” he said.

At a panel meeting called “New Latin American reality, reflection and prediction”, Former president Samper, who ruled Colombia from 1994 to 1998, commented on a new example of integration: Argentina and Mexico signed an agreement with AstraZeneca Oxford laboratory to manufacture vaccines in Latin America through scientific and commercial consortia of Mexican and Argentine companies, As President Alberto Fernandez of Argentina announced during his visit to Chile today. “That’s what we understand as integration,” sanper reflected. “It’s not just about the mobility of things and services, it’s about the mobility of people. We can’t live as we did before the pandemic: we have to rethink the region. “