Five Countries Are Eager To Renew The Inter American Court Of Human Rights
2021-01-28 | by CusiGO
Costa Rican Elizabeth odio Benito, President of the Inter American court of human rights, announced on Wednesday that she would no longer be one of the seven judges of the San Jose high court. Their departure will come at a time of major changes in the entity, which will soon elect four judges, at a time when the continent was particularly turbulent by the tide of conservatism and the consequences of epidemics.
The 81 year old’s decision complements a similar statement announced a few days ago by Argentine judge Eugenio Raul zafaroni. In addition, the expiration of two possible terms of office of Eduardo vio Grossi, a Chilean, and Ecuador’s few choices for re-election of former president of the constitutional court, Patricio pazmi ó o, consolidate the idea of change.
The decoration competition has begun. This month, at least five Latin American governments announced their candidacy to form a human rights court starting in 2022. The last country to do so is Costa Rica, which, in the same communique, reported on the impending end of the hate movement and nominated jurist Nancy Hern á ndez, a progressive judge who is now a member of the constitutional chamber, as its official candidate.
Hernandez’s candidacy is one of the two women’s candidates already nominated by Panama and Paraguay. President odio has called for reducing the court’s strong advantage over men in 40 years. In 39 elections, 34 were male candidates and only five were female candidates. The government of Panama has introduced this to former MP Anna Mathilde Gomez, and Paraguay has also introduced it to Miriam Pena Candia, the country’s first election to the human rights court.
The organization of American States (OAS) has also officially received nominations from the government of Peru for Cesar Landa Arroyo, former president of Peru’s constitutional court, and Rodrigo bitenkul, President of Brazil.
In the next few months, the elections will be held in Washington, D.C., when the general assembly of the organization of American States, a body of the American Convention on human rights governing the Inter American court of human rights, one of the three regional human rights courts, as well as the European and African courts, will hold half a year’s elections.
Although 25 of the 20 countries that recognize the jurisdiction of the human rights court have signed it, they are still closely following the restructuring of the court, which has protected social rights in recent years and prevented the growing trend of conservatism in the region, such as equal marriage in Costa Rica in 2018. “In the world and the region, attacks on democratic values are regressing human rights. This is a very sensitive and turbulent moment,” Hernandez said at a conference.
In addition, the impact of the coronavirus epidemic on the realization of social and economic human rights, as well as the logistical difficulties caused by the health constraints of the normal functioning of the court and the budgetary constraints over the years.