The International Labor Organization Has Increased The Number Of Global Digital Platforms To 777

2021-02-23   |   by CusiGO

The prosperity of global digital platforms over the past decade can be seen in two figures. According to a recent report by the International Labour Organization (ILO) on such enterprises and their impact on the labour market, there were 142 in 2010 and 777 10 years later. He did not provide figures on the number of workers employed – whether as employees or self-employed. “It is difficult to estimate the actual number of workers employed through these platforms because of the non disclosure policy of these platforms,” he said. However, as its director general guy Ryder pointed out in his report, its impact does not lie in these data or wages, but in the work arrangement itself.

The first conclusion of the world social and employment prospects report is: the role of digital platforms in the transformation of the work world. It only analyzes those platforms that allocate jobs (Uber, glovo, delivero, etc.), Upwork did not analyze audiovisual companies such as Netflix or HBO, but acknowledged that these companies provide employment opportunities for disadvantaged groups such as women, youth, the disabled or immigrants. But it also points to risks: “regularity of work and income, working conditions, social protection, use of professional skills, freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining.”.

For the International Labour Organization, a tripartite organization under the United Nations (trade unions, employers and governments), “the way forward is to establish a process of global social dialogue to ensure that the opportunities and challenges brought about by the digital work platform are taken advantage of and solved in order to achieve sustainable development Better opportunities for decent work. ”

As a result, Ryder’s organization called for “respect for the transparency of the accountability system of the algorithm”, the collective bargaining rights of these workers, protection and social security, and “platform workers can resort to local courts when making decisions.”.

To conduct field surveys, the group’s researchers conducted about 12000 surveys in 100 countries and interviewed 16 platform companies. It is divided into companies that provide services through the network, companies that provide and provide final products and work through the network (upwork, Amazon Mechanical Turk) and location-based platforms (glovo, deliveroo, Uber).

ILO research is global, and it also notes the huge differences between rich and poor countries. For example, when referring to the first type of platform, the report points out that the average income of workers in developing countries is 60% lower than that in developed economies, “even if they have mastered the basic characteristics and task types”.

In addition to the doubling of the ILO’s analytical platform over the past decade, there are other data showing the recent momentum and where these companies are most rooted. For example, the report estimates the sector’s global revenue to be $52 billion in 2019. 49% of them are in the United States and 22% in China. It’s a long way from Europe, only 11%.

The same is true of investment figures: Asia, North America and Europe account for 96% of global investment, but are unevenly distributed. The first region concentrated US $56 billion, the second region concentrated US $46 billion, and Europe concentrated US $12000.