Youth Unemployment In Catalonia Has Soared To Its Lowest Level In Five Years
2021-02-01 | by CusiGO
Last year, Catalonia’s youth unemployment rate hit an all-time low of 27.3%, and found that one of the structural problems in the labor market has not improved, but worsened. The latest labor force survey (EPA) found that 185500 people aged 16 to 29 were unemployed. That’s 55000 more than a year ago, and the epidemic not only complicates matters, but also does not bring truce to other groups in the last quarter of this year. Although they have managed to reduce the number of unemployed, the unemployment rate among young people continues to rise. 4500。
If the unemployment rate between 16 and 29 years old is 27%, when the unemployment rate drops to 24 years old, the unemployment rate will rise to 38.1%. Almost three times the 13.8% of Catalonia’s population. “We are not out of the situation before the 2008 crisis, a new crisis has affected us.” As if it were a mantra, Irene Ortiz and Elena Alvarez made similar claims in two different conversations. They are the coordinators of acci ó Jove and avalot, two youth organizations of CC OO and UGT trade union respectively. They are pessimistic about the situation in Catalonia. Worse still, the situation in Spain as a whole is several light years lower than the average level of the European Union.
According to a government report, the number of youth employed has increased from 839000 to 495200 since 2007. That’s a 41% decrease, which explains why the population aged 16-29 has dropped by 15% since then due to demographic impact. However, the key to understanding the decline of youth employment is the employment destruction suffered by the collective in the past 15 years.
In fact, a report by the Barcelona Institute of economics this week exacerbates this: they are over 75 years old and are the most vulnerable to the risk of poverty. In this age group, two subgroups still suffer the most: foreign youth (the unemployment rate has tripled) and women, who are ultimately the most affected by the epidemic.
The number of young people in the labor market is getting smaller and smaller, because it is difficult for them to find their own position, and the emancipation rate has dropped to the bottom of 18.6%. A year ago, it was 22.6%, and in 2007, before the great depression, it was 33.1%. It’s just another statistic that supports Alvarez and Ortiz’s overall view that improvement for young people seems to stop over time.
“2020 is a bad year for the labor market, with rising inequality. “One of the groups most affected is the young, who are already more vulnerable than the elderly,” said Josep lad ó s, an economist and professor at the University of oberta in Catalonia. His analysis of what happened to the young people associated with the outbreak of the pandemic enables us to understand what a perfect storm is. Half of youth employment is in the service sector, which is based on the instability caused by temporary employment. The third industry has been the hardest hit in this crisis, because liquidity is limited, and temporary contracts are the first to be destroyed by any crisis (two thirds of the contracts destroyed by crisis are temporary contracts). As a result, the scholar concluded, “young people have always been chips in crisis adjustment.”
“The group of young people who have not completed basic training has grown, which increases their vulnerability. More and more young people are unemployed for one year or more, which is long-term unemployment, “added Leia giros, the government’s director general for youth affairs. 6% of the young people belong to the so-called Nini group. Nini group is an abbreviation to welcome young people who have neither study nor work to sustain. A report by the vice president and the Ministry of economy said that during 2013-2019, after the crisis that began in 2007, the prosperity of this group was reversed. In any case, 46% of the unemployed youth today have a lower education level, 16 percentage points higher than a year ago.
There is another weakness. “When a young man is unemployed, he sometimes can’t apply for unemployment benefits because he doesn’t pay, which forces him to go home,” Ortiz explained. According to a recent report published by the Catalonia youth Observatory, only 10.6% of the unemployed youth receive these benefits, while only 36.4% of the unemployed youth over the age of 29 receive them.
Elena Alvarez complains: “there is no policy, there is no incentive to stabilize employment, but we are still affected by social stigmatization, and we are part of a lost generation when this system is imposed.”. Examples he uses include impunity for youth groups, some of whom violate restrictions and are responsible for the spread of coronavirus. “We hear more accusations from wineries than from those involved in helping vulnerable groups,” he said aloud.
Gir ó s argues that there are a number of government programs that try to solve an outstanding problem, many years after experts found out, One example describes a network of nearly 100 technicians who are trying to become prescriptions for occupiers who seek help and find occupation options in the territory where they work.
“The problem is, it’s not enough,” the director of youth affairs assumed, recognizing that the government’s resources are insufficient to cope with “a highly predatory labor market, so the hope for improvement is complex.”. It also called on the central government, in addition to providing more resources to solve the problem of youth unemployment, to change the labor reform and provide more security for people under the age of 30.
“We have to stop patching,” complained Ortiz, calling for more public policies to provide stability for a group that accepts jobs, because in many cases their academic qualifications may exceed 40% to fill unstable jobs.
Professor Josep lados’s secret to solving the vote problem is to change the mode of production and bet that employment may increase value. “Now is not the time to build more trains and expressways; we must bet on the digitalization of the economy and energy transformation, establish a good dual vocational education system, combine learning with practice, and pay more attention to continuing education. There’s nothing else, “he said. Alvarez also said he did not encourage employment opportunities based on the tourism and business sectors, whose excessive presence is considered to be one of the root causes of the problem.
“Let’s look for new careers,” he added in the same words. At present, catering, personal service or sales are the most prominent occupations for young people. And temporary.